Pelvic floor disorders
Biofeedback for pelvic floor muscle retraining is a painless treatment to help patients learn to strengthen or relax their pelvic floor muscles. It is used to improve bowel or bladder function in patients with incontinence, decrease some types of pelvic floor pain, and help in chronic constipation caused by pelvic floor dyssynergia. During biofeedback, special sensors and a computer monitor display information about muscle activity. This information or "feedback" is used to gain sensitivity, and improve control over pelvic floor muscle function. An important part of pelvic floor biofeedback therapy is consistent practice of the pelvic floor muscle exercises at home. With biofeedback, an individual can learn to stop using the incorrect muscles and start using the correct ones.
Anorectal manometry is an important diagnostic tool used in the assessment of faecal incontinence and chronic constipation. It is a test that measures how well the rectum and anal sphincters work together to eliminate stool (faeces). The anal sphincter has an internal and external sphincter, or valve, which helps to control continence (passing) of stool. These valves are made of muscles that control the opening and closing of the anus. The test is performed to see how well it is working.